Ghana Legal Systems Constitutional Law Course

Academics

COURSE OUTLINE (2016)

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JUSTICE ANIN YEBOAH

  1. Classification of branches of law: contract, torts, crime, property, constitutional, etc.
  2. Introduction of British jurisdiction into the Gold Coast.
  3. Sources of Law (common law, equity, customary law) – the roles of statutes (primary and subsidiary) case law, under Article II of the 1992 Constitution.
  4. Constitution Evaluation in Ghana

a. Pre –Independence (1800-1956), constitutions of 1901, 1925, 1946, 1950 and 1954.

b. Post- independence (1957, 1960, 1969 and 1979)

c. Fourth Republic Constitution – The Court’s structure – Superior Courts and the Lower Courts – their respective juridictions.

i. The making of the constitution

ii. The Referendum

iii. Outline of the Constitution.

  1. Local government – its creation, powers and composition.
  1. Traditional Constitutionalism – Chieftaincy disputes.

Reading list: Act 370, LI 798: 1922 constitution (Ch22); Brobbey, the Law of Chieftaincy in Ghana (Chs. 1-4);  Busia, The position of the Chief  in the modern political System of Ashanti (Chs. 1,2 and 6); Kumado, The Supreme Court and the Yendi  Skin Dispute { 1986- 1990} 17 UGLJ 1; Ofori – Boateng , Chieftaincy Matters and Proceedings {1974} 6 RGL 93;

Daniels, Jurisdiction of the High Court in Chieftaincy Matters {1981-82} 13 and 14RGL 209; Ollenu, Destoolment Procedure and the Powers of the Court of Appeal [1978] 10 RGL 175; Akuffo- Addo Proposals (paras. 635-647), Aboagye – Mensah Proposals , SKB Asante Report (Ch12); Eku alias Condua II v. Ackinie 2 G &G 4; Ex parte Adansi Traditional Counncil 2 G&G 480;

Oppon v. Ackinie 2 G&G 4; Ex part Adansi Traditional Council 2 G &G 385; Ex Parte Togbe Kwasi Buami VII [1974]GLR 427;Ex Parte Adu-Gyamfi  [1972] 1GVLR 317; Anin V. Ababio [1973 ] 1 GLR 509; Ex Parte Sakyiraa II [1977] 2 GLR 115; Nyamekye V. Tawiah  [1979] GLR 265; Ex Parte

Prate Prah II [1981] GLR 759; Boagye v Aboagye [1981] GLR 927; Toban v. Kwekumah [1981] GLR 648; Osei v. Siribuor II [1984-86]1 GLR 588; Exparte Kusi-Apea [1984-86] 2 GLR 90.

  1. Type, jurisdiction and powers of Quasi-Judicial Bodies (230Commissions /Committteess or Inquiry)

Readings list: Act 230, LI 571; akainyah v. The  Republic [1968] 2 G &G 339, 349; Republic v. Asafu- Adjaye [1968] 2 G&G351, 355; Awoonor-williams v. Gbedemah [1970] 2 G&G 442;Fawkes v. Accra Brewery Limited [1981] GLR489; Republic v. Out &Kwapong 2 G&G 416; Darkwa v. Republic [1981] GLR 241; Quayson v. AG [1981] GLR 296.

  1. Judicial Review w in Ghana

Reading list: Bennion, The Constitutional Law of Ghana (pp. 140-142, 168-9, 224-226); Gyandoh, Principels of Interpretation oof the republic Constitution of Ghana [1966] 2 IGLJ; 37; Gyandoh, The Role of the Judiciary under the Constitutional Proposals of Ghana [1968] 5 UGLJ 133; Gunther [1971] 8 UGLJ 2 at pp. 21-56; Johson, Power to declare an Enactment a Nullity [1974] 6 RGL 41; Kumado, Judicial Review of Legislation in Ghana since independence [1980] 8 UGLJ 1; Kumado, The Subversion Decree and Judicial Review [1975] 7 RGL 164; Akuffo-Addo Proposals; Aboagye –Mensah Proposals, 1957 Costitution (s. 31(5)); 1960 Constitution (arts 40-45,55); 1969 Constitution (preamble, arts 1 (2), 2, 206, 107-114); 1979 Constitution (Preable, arts. 1, 2, 118 etc); 1992 Constitution (Preamble, arts. 1,2,130 and ss. 34, 3, and 37 of the Transitional Provisions). Marbury v. Madison 1 Cranch 137, 2 L.Ed. 60 (1803); Blackburn v. AG [1971] 2 All ER 1380; Lardan v AG (Nos. 1 &2) 2 G&G 96. 98; Ware v. Ofori –A tta 2 G&132; Re Akoto 2 G &G 160; Republic v. Maikankan [1971] 2 GLR 473; Ex parte Adu- Gyamfi II [1972]1 GLR 317; Ex Parte Salifa 2 G&G 374, 378, Ex Parte Bannerman 2   G&G 293; EX Parte Ofofu- Armaah [1973] 2 GLR 227, [1976] 2 GLR 5; Shalabi v. AG [1972 1 GLR 259; Tufuor v. AG [1980] GLR 637; Kwakye v. AG [1981] GLR 9; Ex Parte Shackleford  [1981] GLR 554; Ex Parte Forson [1980] GLR 529.

  1. Judicial Remedies & ouster Clauses – especially under 1992 Constitution.

Reading list: Dankwa & Flinterman, Judicial Review in Ghana [1977] 14 UGLJ 1 Wade, Administrative Law; Dicey & Tsikata, A Look at Administrative Law in Ghana in Ghana [1972] 9  UGLJ 135, 149-156; De Smith, Judicial Review of Administrative Action; Turkson, The Relevance of Classification of Functions in Certiorari Proceedings [1978-81] 15 UGLJ 175; Kom, Certioorari and Non-Jurisdiction Error [1980] 12 RGL 148; Kumado, The Subverson Decree and Judicial Review [1975] 7 RGL 164; Bimpong –Buta, Legal Effect of Ouster Clauses 13 & 14 RGL 113; Ahenkora v. Ofe (1957)  3 WALR 145 [1961] 1 GLR 17; Ex Parte Dizengoff [1974] 1 GLR 337; Ex Parte Aniagyei  II [1976] 1 GLR 394; Ex  Parte Oduro [1979] GLR 354; Ex Parte Quaye – Mensah [1979] GLR 429; CIT V. Maatschapij de Fijnhouthandel  [1974] 1 GLR 283; Ex Parte Oppong Kwame [1971] 1 GLR 321, [1972] 1 GLR 60; Ex Parte Oppong Kwame [1971] 1 GLR 321, [1972] 1 GLR 60; Ex Parte Kusada [1963]2 G&G 214; Ex Parte Tiwaa [1976] 2 GLR 231; Mould v. de Vine [1962] 1 GLR 533; Botwe v. Mensah [1956] GLR 457; Ghann v. Tamakloe ( 1957) 2 WALR 353; Ex Parte Baffo [1973] GLR 378; Kwakye v. AG [1981] GLR 9, Ex Parte Shackleford [1981] GLR 554; Ex Parte Forson [1980] GLR 529.

  1. Independence Institutions under the Constitution – CHRAJ, NCCE
  2. Electoral Process – Parliamentary and Presidential – Judicial Resolution of dispute arising.